Gail Miller Ob/Gyn

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Meet Your OB/GYN Specialist

Private Practice: Since 1980 to the present
Board-Certified: American Board of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Fellowship: Infertility, Mt. Sinai Hospital, Chicago, IL
Residency: Ob/Gyn, Cook County Hospital, Chicago, IL and
Mt. Sinai Hospital, Chicago, IL
MD: University of Health Sciences Chicago Medical School
Instructor: Obstetrics and Gynecology, Christ Community Hospital,
MacNeal Memorial Hospital and Palos Community Hospital
Dr. Miller

Welcome to our health education library. The information shared below is provided to you as an educational and informational source only and is not intended to replace a medical examination or consultation, or medical advice given to you by a physician or medical professional.

Hormone Changes During MenopauseCambios hormonales durante la menopausia

Hormone Changes During Menopause

Menopause is not a sudden change. During the months or years before menopause (perimenopause), the ovaries begin to run out of eggs. Less estrogen and progesterone are produced. This may bring on symptoms such as hot flashes. Twelve months after your last period, you've reached menopause. From that point on, you are in postmenopause.

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Perimenopause

In the years leading up to menopause, the ovaries produce less estrogen. Fewer eggs are released. Periods become less regular.

Symptoms you may have:

  • Heavier or lighter periods

  • Longer or shorter time between periods

  • Hot flashes

  • Breast tenderness

  • Bloating

  • Mood swings

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Postmenopause

After menopause, very little estrogen is produced. As a result, the uterine lining does not thicken. Periods have ended.

Symptoms you may have:

  • No periods

  • Vaginal dryness

  • Hot flashes

  • Mood swings

  • Night sweats

  • Insomnia

Surgical Menopause

Menopause can occur after a hysterectomy (removal of the uterus) if the ovaries are also removed. Estrogen and progesterone levels decrease quickly. This may cause sudden and severe symptoms.

Publication Source: National Institute of Aging

Publication Source: North American Menopause Society

Online Source: National Institute of Aging

Online Source: North American Menopause Society

Date Last Reviewed: 2006-01-01T00:00:00-07:00

Date Last Modified: 2002-07-09T00:00:00-06:00

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